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The Journal

The Wayƒarers

The Selƒ

The Journey

The Burden

The Mountain

   The Ancients
   The Earth
   The Life
   The Modern Man
   The Nonpareils

     The Crepuscular
     The Dayspring
     The Heavens
     The Phenomena
     The Predictable

   The Steps
   The Way

The Appendix

The Wayƒarer
The Mountain
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The Nonpareils Gallery

The Quest for Pulchritude Go Down Go Back
Genesis 9: 8-17
"And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying, And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you... neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood."
"And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations: I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth. And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud... that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth."
"And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth."
This God, who created the rainbow mentioned above did form and create for our atmosphere and heavens a multitude of wonders with nonpareil beauty, which wonders are the subject of this gallery.
Amazing Atmospheric Optics
A wayƒarer must needs remains ever vigilance to be ready for when the nonpareils appear. These pulchritudinous displays of the creation exist but only for a moment in time and to have the opportunity to view them is such a grand treat.
However, for a wayƒarer to be able to capture these displays with a camera requires even more vigilance imbued with endurance and persistence.
The Nonpareils
(m5da-sg.20091010.1848) Sunglow at The Wayƒarer′s Throne, Hurricane Valley, UT
In both cinematography and photography, the golden hour is during the times of dayspring and evenfall; that time when daylight is redder and softer compared to when the sun is higher in the sky.
The Wayƒarer is ever ready for that perfect photograph of the nonpareils, especially with the displays of pulchritudinous colors. Too, throughout his ongoing travels, he takes pause for each suntouch and he remains in eager expectation for the next rainbow sighting, keeping ever aware of the manifestation of the needs intrinsic to their formation.
This Nonpareils Gallery is thus for sharing some of the photos taken during the many steps upon the way. Please enjoy.

The Crepuscualar Rays Gallery Go Down Go Up
What does Crepuscular Mean?
The Glossary found in the appendix on this site defines Crepuscular: (cre´pus·cu·lar) adj. 1. Of, pertaining to, or resembling twilight.
What are Crepuscular Rays?
The same glossary further states that crepuscular rays are a colorful display, usually at sunrise or sunset formed from rays of sunlight breaking through the clouds, illuminating dust particles in the air and radiating from the sun in a sweeping arc. These radiating rays can be upward of downward in direction.
With that said, If a person would take the time to keep watch in the sky, then the person most likely come upon one of the most common unpredictable nonpareils known as crepuscular rays. In fact, most people have already seen crepuscular rays before and have just referred to them as sun rays.
The word crepuscular is an adjective meaning that which is of, relating to, or resembling twilight. Therefore, crepuscular rays are those rays of sunlight that occur during twilight, or those rays that resembles ones during twilight. In this gallery, those which are most common, the ones which occur during dayspring and evenfall are the main displays to be shown.
However, twilight is not the only time when colorful sun rays occur and sometimes, these other occurrences can be just and awe inspiring. Oftentimes, these can be seen on a cloudy day when the sun rays break through the clouds with beams of light. Other times, while walking beneath tall trees, the sun′s light can filter down through the branches and bring to sight amazing streaks of light.
The Nonpareils
The Crepuscular
(m5cr-tw.20091008.0621) Morning Crepuscular Rays, Arches National Park, UT
One of the most amazing time for displays of crepuscular rays is at suntouch, when the horizon is full of color which stretches across to the sky to the opposite horizon. Too, it is at these times when there is the makings of the anticrepuscular.

The Dayspring Gallery Go Down Go Up
The Dayspring and Evenfall
Twice each day we have the opportunity to see something truly amazing but often we are too consumed in our busy lives to stop and see this amazing pulchritudinous display. When does this take place? The two times when these displays occurs are at the dayspring and the evenfall.
Several things happen during dayspring. First, a very dim light from the sun is seen on the eastern horizon which begins a period called the even of the day. During this period, the light slowly brightens which continues to lighten the sky. All during the even, the light coming from the sun is not bright enough to overpower the light of the stars.
The Nonpareils
The Dayspring
(m5da-st-10.20100125.0725) Morning Suntouch at Playa Azul, Michoacán, México
Next, the sky slowly changes from black and takes on colors, sometimes, first blue, then a dark red or gold and progressively brighter towards yellow. During this period, the stars fade and then disappear behind the cloak of light. All throughout this period, the planets and the moon if it is in the sky, continue to shine. This is also the time known in cinematography as the golden hour even though it almost never lasts for an hour. In this journal, this event is called the sunglow.
The final event of the dayspring is the suntouch, which are those few moments of each day when the sun seemingly touches the earth. This dayspring occurs every morning and these colorful events happen in reverse each day at evenfall.

The Heavens Gallery Go Down Go Up
Look Up at the Glorious Heavens!
When he was a young boy and as part of the required achievements in Scouting, the author needed to learn the names of and be able to identify ten star constellations in the night sky. It was at this time that the he came to appreciate the glorious heavens with the multitude of sights he beheld.
He was able, with his fellow Scout, Dale, to locate and follow what he believed to be one of the Russian satellites named Sputnik. There were several that were launched into earth orbit, the first on the fourth of October in 1957 and circled the earth until the fourth of January 1958. Sputnik 2 was launched on 3 November 1957 and stayed 162 days in orbit carrying into space, a living animal, a dog named Laika, who died a few hours into the orbit, most likely from hyperthermia. Then on 15 May 1958, Sputnik 3 was launched into orbit and remained in orbit until 6 April 1960, 692 days, when it burned up upon reentry. It was most likely the third Sputnik that he was to watch cross the night sky. The year 1958, on the 31st of January, also saw the first satellite from the US launched into earth orbit, the Explorer which remained in orbit until 31 March 1970.
Life was exciting for a young boy growing up in those decades. Ever since those days of his boyhood, he has always been looking up at the heavens and especially the night sky and it has never failed to provide him with a plethora of wonderful things to look at.
The Nonpareils
The Heavens
(m5he-ch-gib.20170309.1748) Waxing Gibbous Moon over Mount Whitney, CA
It was only recently, during a total eclipse of the moon, that upon seeing the moon travel into the shadow of the earth in the reverse direction (from right to left; west to east) than he had expected it to travel, this caused him to do extensive research to find the reason why. What he discovered continues to amaze him every day. Yes, the glorious heavens is a wonderful place to learn about.
This gallery will focus in of some of these amazing wonders in the heavens.

The Phenomena Gallery Go Down Go Up
Amazing Visual Phenomena
Sun light shining upon water drops, dust and or ice crystals in the atmosphere can produces a variety of colorful displays including: colors in the clouds, colors in the sky, coronas, green flashes, halos, iridescent clouds, rainbows, spectre, strikes and more.
Some of these phenomena can be seen almost every day, but a few are a once in a lifetime sighting. All are unpredictable so if a person wishes to see more than the occasional few, this one must needs learn what signs to look for and where to look for these amazing visual phenomena.
The Nonpareils
The Rainbows
(m5ph-ra.20091007) Full Rainbow (two-panel), Black Canyon of the Gunnison, CO
Check out some of these awesome phenomena and then, who knows, maybe you will become a rainbow seeker like many of us here have become.

The Predictable Gallery Go Down Go Up
The Predictable Nonpareils
The universe has so much mathematical order and the timing of astronomical events is so precise that these can be predicted years in advance. In fact, ancient observations of solar eclipses have a long history among many different cultures and civilizations which date back to at least 2500 BCE in the writings that have survived from ancient China and Babylon. True, much of the ancient astronomy was religious in nature, but still, the ability of men to predict astronomical events have long been with him.
The Nonpareils
The Predictable
( Annular Solar Eclipse photo credit: public domain
Looking at the Astronomical Past
Both the Chinese observers and Babylonian astrologers kept careful records of the celestial event including the paths of Mercury, Venus the Sun and the Moon which survive on tablets dating from 1700 to 1681 BC. Later records identified a total solar eclipse which turned day into night on July 31, 1063 BCE, and the famous eclipse recorded by Assyrian observers in Nineveh on June 15, 763 BCE. The astronomers of Babylonian are credited with discovering the 223 month period for lunar eclipses, called a saros. 1
Nearly all of what we know about the astronomical knowledge from ancient Egypt comes to us from tomb paintings, a variety of temple inscriptions, and literally a handful of papyrus documents. Sadly, the Great Library in Alexandria was burned at the time of Cleopatra and Julius Caesar, and later burnings in 390 AD and 640 AD destroyed as many as 400,000 books on Egyptian secular literature, mathematics, medicine and astronomy.
From the Greek civilization about 600 BCE, historian Herodotus writes that Thales could predict the year when a total solar eclipse would occur. By 450 BC, Meton realized that a single period of 235 lunar months (19 years) would cause the popular lunar calendar to return to synchrony with the solar, seasonal calendar. At this time, the same lunar phase would be recorded at the same time of the solar calendar year. This period also gives a rough guide to when a lunar eclipse will reoccur at the same geographic location. Then, at about 150 BCE, Ptolemy studied astronomy, and surviving records show that he had a sophisticated scheme for predicting both lunar and solar eclipses.
Further advancement occurred in Arabic astronomy during the 9th and 10th centuries CE, while the Dark Ages engulfed much of the rest of the western world. The works by Ptolemy and Aristotle were translated and amplified upon and spread throughout the Muslim world. At Antioch, Muhammad al-Batani (ca 850AD) began with Ptolemy's works and recalculated the precession of the equinoxes, and produced new astronomical tables. Observations by Ibn Junis of lunar and solar eclipses were recorded in Cairo about 1000 AD, and he is regarded as one of the greatest Muslim astronomers of his time.
Discoveries in this hemisphere have also shown astronomic advancements. El Castillo, also known as Kukulcán's Pyramid, is a Mesoamerican step-pyramid built in the centre of Mayan center of Chichen Itza in Mexico. Several architectural features have suggested astronomical elements. In Chaco Canyon, the center of the ancient Pueblo culture in the American Southwest, numerous solar and lunar light markings and architectural and road alignments have been documented. However, this is in no way inclusive of what man has done to understand and predict astronomical events.
Looking into the Near Astronomical Future
On September 02, 2016, Venus and Jupiter will be in conjunction with the crescent moon low on the western horizon while at the same time just a short distance above, Mars and Saturn will be in conjunction. As the moon waxes and rises above Spica, it will move higher from the horizon each evening leaving Venus and Jupiter at the horizon.
As darkness falls on the evening of September 8, 2016, look in the southwest sky near Antares to see the first quarter moon now in conjunction with Saturn as Mars follows a short distance to the south.
Then a little more than an hour before sunrise on the morning of September 27, the waxing crescent moon will slide down past Regulus towards Mercury coming into conjunction with this planet by 29 September 2016.
Then about an hour before sunrise on the morning of October 11, 2016 Mercury and Jupiter will be in close conjunction rising up from the horizon.
Looking into the Not so Distant Astronomical Future
Upcoming Major Astronomical Event coming on 21 August 2017. A total solar Eclipse will occur across the North American continent in the states of Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, Nebraska, extreme NE Kansas, Missouri, Eastern Kentucky, Central Tennessee, extreme NE Georgia and South Carolina.

A saros is a period of approximately 223 synodic) months (approximately 6585.3211 days, or 18 years, 11 days, 8 hours), that can be used to predict eclipses of the Sun and Moon. One saros period after an eclipse, the Sun, Earth, and Moon return to the same relative geometry, forming a near straight line, at which time, a nearly identical eclipse will occur. The reoccurring of identical eclipses is sometimes referred to as an eclipse cycle. A series of eclipses that are each separated by one saros is called a saros series.
Since there are two to five solar eclipses every year, there are approximately forty different saros series in progress at any one time. For instance, during the later half of the twentieth century, there are 41 individual saros series and 26 of them are producing central eclipses.

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by Thom Buras
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